Advertising rules for Belgian media
Commercial advertising is largely regulated by the Belgian Federal Act on Market Practices and Consumer Protection of 6 April 2010. This Act stipulates that the use of editorial content in the media, for which the advertiser has paid, to advertise a product, when this is not made clear to the consumer, constitutes illegal misleading advertising. Other legislation and regulation on commercial advertising in the media almost exclusively focuses on the audiovisual media. The FLBA (Flemish Act of 27 March 2009 on radio and television broadcasting)  and the FRBA (French-Community Act of 27 February 2003 on audiovisual media services, modified by the Act of 5 February 2009)  contain specific regulations for advertising on radio and television,  where the ‘golden rule’ is that advertising should be clearly identifiable as commercial information and distinguishable from news information. This rule is also the basic rule in most ethical codes and internal operational charters of the audiovisual broadcasters. There are special rules for commercial communication directed at minors,  for certain products (such as a general prohibition on advertisements for tobacco, weapons, etc.; and special rules on advertisements for alcohol and certain medicines) and for certain types of advertising (such as teleshopping).
In particular, there is specific legislation with regard to those forms of advertisement that can cause confusion based on the commercial character of the information or its origin, such as with regard to ‘product placement’  and ‘sponsorship’.
Product placement on television
Where ‘product placement’ is concerned, Flemish broadcasters are bound by law to show a logo (‘PP’) on the television screen to indicate that a program is financed with product placement. For French-language audiovisual media, the regulator CSA also recommends the use of a ‘PP’ logo on the screen to indicate the use of product placement to the public (though this recommendation does not have the force of law).
Sponsorship on audiovisual media
Legislation on ‘sponsorship’ stresses in particular that the content and programming should not be influenced by the sponsor so that responsibility and editorial independence should not be affected. Viewers and listeners should be clearly informed of the sponsorship, by indicating the name, logo or symbol of the sponsor at the start, during and/or at the end of the program. There is a general prohibition against sponsoring news bulletins and other information-related programs.
Case law of audiovisual regulators
It must be noted that the regulators VRM and the CSA have, in recent years, been called upon frequently to decide on the legality of commercial practices such as ‘product placement’ and ‘sponsorship’ and have developed their own case law on these topics. In their case law, the VRM and the CSA take as main criterion the principle of strict separation between editorial content and commercial information, which is laid down in the FLBA and FRBA. In practice, it is not always easy to classify an advertisement in one or another legal category (e.g. the line between product placement or sponsorship on the one hand and surreptitious advertising on the other hand is not always easy to draw).
Do not hesitate to contact me for any question, comment or suggestion. If you are looking for an attorney (lawyer) specialised in Belgian media law and advertising law, feel free to contact me.
For the rules on political advertising in Belgium, visit my separate blog post.
Author: Bart Van Besien
Attorney - Lawyer - Brussels - Belgium - European Union (E.U.)
Specialised in media law and intellectual property law (copyright, trademarks, patents, domain names, etc.).
 Moniteur belge, 12 April 2010, 20803.
 Article 91, 11°.
 Moniteur belge, 30 April 2009.
 Coordinated by Decision of the French Government of 26 March 2009, Moniteur belge, 24 July 2009.
 See, in general, Articles 47-101 FLBA and Articles 10-33 FRBA.
 See, in particular, Article 53 FLBA and Article 14 FRBA.
 Articles 70-77 FLBA and Articles 9 and 13 FRBA.
 Articles 78-84 FLBA and Articles 31-31 FRBA.
 See Articles 98-101 FLBA and Article 21 FRBA.
 Articles 90-97 FLBA and Articles 24-27 FRBA.
 Decision of the Flemish Government of 10 September 2010, Moniteur belge, 6 October 2010, at p. 60293.
 Recommendation of the CSA regarding product placement of 17 December 2009 (available at: https://www.csa.be/system/documents_files/1143/original/CAC_20091217_recommandation_placement_produit.pdf?1299596425).
 Article 91, 2° FLBA and Article 42, 1° FRBA.
 Article 91, 3° FLBA and Article 24, 2° FRBA.
 Article 96 FLBA and Article 24, 6° FRBA.
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